Golf - The Open

The Open Championship, the oldest of the four major Golf championships, is played each July on a British links course.
The best players in the world compete for the ultimate prize in the game - the Claret Jug (officially called `The Golf Champion Trophy,`).
When the Championship began, at Prestwick in 1860, the winner claimed the Challenge Belt.
Other than war time, the only year when the tournament was not held was 1871, due to a disagreement over the venue.   
In September 1872 it was decided that the winner would receive a medal and a new trophy -  a silver claret jug. Tom Kidd was the first man to claim the new bauble, at St Andrews in 1873, but Tom Morris Junior’s name was the first to be engraved on it as the 1872 winner.
 
* Won after play-off
 
YEAR
VENUE
WINNER
1860
Pr'twick
WILLIE PARK SNR (Gbr)
1861
Pr'twick
TOM MORRIS SNR (Gbr)
1862
Pr'twick
TOM MORRIS SNR (Gbr)
1863
Pr'twick
WILLIE PARK SNR (Gbr) 
1864
Pr'twick
TOM MORRIS SNR (Gbr)
1865
Pr'twick
ANDREW STRATH (Gbr)
1866
Pr'twick
WILLIE PARK SNR (Gbr) 
1867
Pr'twick
TOM MORRIS SNR (Gbr)
1868
Pr'twick
TOM MORRIS JNR (Gbr)
1869
Pr'twick
TOM MORRIS JNR (Gbr)
1870
Pr'twick
TOM MORRIS JNR (Gbr)
1871
Not held
-
1872
Pr'twick
TOM MORRIS JNR (Gbr)
1873
S A'rews
TOM KIDD (Gbr)
1874
M'lburgh
MUNGO PARK (Gbr)
1875
Pr'twick
WILLIE PARK SNR (Gbr)
1876
S A'rews
BOB MARTIN (Gbr)
1877
M'lburgh
JAMIE ANDERSON (Gbr)
1878
Pr'twick
JAMIE ANDERSON (Gbr)
1879
S A'rews
JAMIE ANDERSON (Gbr)
1880
M'lburgh
ROB FERGUSON (Gbr)
1881
Pr'twick
ROB FERGUSON (Gbr)
1882
S A'rews
ROB FERGUSON (Gbr)
1883
M'lburgh
WILLIE FERNIE (Gbr)*
1884
Pr'twick
JACK SIMPSON (Gbr)
1885
S A'rews
BOB MARTIN (Gbr)
1886
M'lburgh
DAVID BROWN (Gbr)
1887
Pr'twick
WILLIE PARK JNR (Gbr)
1888
S A'rews
JACK BURNS (Gbr)
1889
M'lburgh
WILLIE PARK JNR (Gbr)*
1890
Pr'twick
JOHN BALL (Gbr)
1891
S A'rews
HUGH KIRKALDY (Gbr)
1892
Muirfield
HAROLD HILTON (Gbr)
1893
Pr'twick
W'L AUCHT'LONIE (Gbr)
1894
S'ndwich
JOHN H TAYLOR (Gbr) 
1895
S A'rews
JOHN H TAYLOR (Gbr) 
1896
Muirfield
HARRY VARDON (Gbr)*
1897
Hoylake
HAROLD HILTON (Gbr)
1898
Pr'twick
HARRY VARDON (Gbr)
1899
S'ndwich
HARRY VARDON (Gbr)
1900
S A'rews
JOHN H TAYLOR (Gbr) 
1901
Muirfield
JAMES BRAID (Gbr)
1902
Hoylake
SANDY HERD (Gbr)
1903
Pr'twick
HARRY VARDON (Gbr)
1904
S'ndwich
JACK WHITE (Gbr)
1905
S A'rews
JAMES BRAID (Gbr)
1906
Muirfield
JAMES BRAID (Gbr)
1907
Hoylake
ARNAUD MASSY (Fra)
1908
Pr'twick
JAMES BRAID (Gbr)
1909
Deal
JOHN H TAYLOR (Gbr)
1910
Muirfield
JAMES BRAID (Gbr)
1911
S'ndwich
HARRY VARDON (Gbr)
1912
Muirfield
EDWARD RAY (Gbr)
1913
Hoylake
JOHN H TAYLOR (Gbr)
1914
Pr'twick
HARRY VARDON (Gbr)
1915
Not held
-
1916 Not held -
1917 Not held -
1918 Not held -
1919 Not held -
1920
Deal
GEORGE DUNCAN (Gbr)
1921
S A'rews
JOCK H'HISON (USA)*
1922
S'ndwich
WALTER HAGEN (USA)
1923
Troon
ARTHUR HAVERS (Gbr)
1924
Hoylake
WALTER HAGEN (USA)
1925
Pr'twick
JIM BARNES (USA)
1926
Lytham
BOBBY JONES (USA) 
1927
S A'rews
BOBBY JONES (USA) 
1928
S'ndwich
WALTER HAGEN (USA)
1929
Muirfield
WALTER HAGEN (USA)
1930
Hoylake
BOBBY JONES (USA) 
1931
C'noustie
TOMMY ARMOUR (USA)
1932
Prince's
GENE SARAZEN (USA)
1933
S A'rews
D'MORE SHUTE (USA)*
1934
S'ndwich
HENRY COTTON (Gbr)
1935
Muirfield
ALFRED PERRY (Gbr)
1936
Hoylake
ALFRED PADGHAM (Gbr)
1937
C'noustie
HENRY COTTON (Gbr)
1938
S'ndwich
REG WHITCOMBE (Gbr)
1939
S A'rews
DICK BURTON (Gbr)
1940
Not held
-
1941 Not held -
1942 Not held -
1943 Not held -
1944 Not held -
1945 Not held -
1946
S A'rews
SAM SNEAD (USA)
1947
Hoylake
FRED DALY (Gbr)
1948
Muirfield
HENRY COTTON (Gbr)
1949
S'ndwich
BOBBY LOCKE (RSA)*
1950
Troon
BOBBY LOCKE (RSA)
1951
Portrush
MAX FAULKNER (Gbr)
1952
Lytham
BOBBY LOCKE (RSA)
1953
C'noustie
BEN HOGAN (USA)
1954
Birkdale
PETER THOMSON (Aus)
1955
S A'rews
PETER THOMSON (Aus)
1956
Hoylake
PETER THOMSON (Aus)
1957
S A'rews
BOBBY LOCKE (RSA)
1958
Lytham
PETER THOMSON (Aus)*
1959
Muirfield
GARY PLAYER (RSA)
1960
S A'rews
KEL NAGLE (Aus)
1961
Birkdale
ARNOLD PALMER (USA)
1962
Troon
ARNOLD PALMER (USA)
1963
Lytham
BOB CHARLES (Nzl)*
1964
S A'rews
TONY LEMA (USA)
1965
Birkdale
PETER THOMSON (Aus)
1966
Muirfield
JACK NICKLAUS (USA)
1967
Hoylake
R'TO de VICENZO (Arg)
1968
C'noustie
GARY PLAYER (RSA)
1969
Lytham
TONY JACKLIN (Gbr)
1970
S A'rews
JACK NICKLAUS (USA)*
1971
Birkdale
LEE TREVINO (USA)
1972
Muirfield
LEE TREVINO (USA)
1973
Troon
TOM WEISKOPF (USA)
1974
Lytham
GARY PLAYER (RSA)
1975
C'noustie
TOM WATSON (USA)*
1976
Birkdale
JOHNNY MILLER (USA)
1977
T'nberry
TOM WATSON (USA)
1978
S A'rews
JACK NICKLAUS (USA)
1979
Lytham
SEVE BALLESTEROS (Esp)
1980
Muirfield
TOM WATSON (USA)
1981
S'ndwich
BILL ROGERS (USA)
1982
Troon
TOM WATSON (USA)
1983
Birkdale
TOM WATSON (USA)
1984
S A'rews
SEVE BALLESTEROS (Esp)
1985
Sandwich
SANDY LYLE (Gbr)
1986
T'nberry
GREG NORMAN (Aus)
1987
Muirfield
NICK FALDO (Gbr)
1988
Lytham
SEVE BALLESTEROS (Esp)
1989
Troon
MARK C'VECCHIA (USA)
1990
S A'rews
NICK FALDO (Gbr)
1991
BIrkdale
IAN BAKER-FINCH (Aus)
1992
Muirfield
NICK FALDO (Gbr)
1993
Sandwich
GREG NORMAN (Aus)
1994
T'nberry
NICK PRICE (Zim)
1995
S A'rews
JOHN DALY (USA)*
1996
Lytham
TOM LEHMAN (USA)
1997
Troon
JUSTIN LEONARD (USA)
1998
Birkdale
MARK O'MEARA (USA)*
1999
C'noustie
PAUL LAWRIE (Gbr)*
2000
S A'rews
TIGER WOODS (USA)
2001
Lytham
DAVID DUVAL (USA)
2002
Muirfield
ERNIE ELS (Rsa)*
2003
S'ndwich
BEN CURTIS (USA)
2004
Troon
TODD HAMILTON (USA)*
2005
S A'rews
TIGER WOODS (USA)
2006
Hoylake
TIGER WOODS (USA)
2007
C'noustie
P'AIG HARRINGTON (Irl)*
2008
Birkdale
P'AIG HARRINGTON (Irl)
2009
T'nberry
STEWART CINK (USA)*
2010
S A'rews
LOUIS OOSTH'ZEN (RSA)
2011 Sandwich DARREN CLARKE (Nir)
2012 Lytham ERNIE ELS (RSA)
2013 Muirfield PHIL MICKELSON (USA)
2014 Hoylake RORY McILROY (Nir)
2015 S A'rews ZACH JOHNSON (USA)
2016 Troon HENRIK STENSON (Swe)
2017 Birkdale JORDAN SPIETH (USA)
2018 C'noustie FR'SCO MOLINARI (Ita)
2019 Portrush SHANE LOWRY (Ire)


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